Is Osteoporosis Preventable
Osteoporosis may occur in all populations and at all ages. As risks for osteoporosis is reflected by low bone density, and the risks for fracture overlap, more attention should be given to skeletal health in persons with secondary osteoporosis.
Adequate calcium and vitamin D intake are crucial to develop optimal peak bone mass and to preserve bone mass throughout life. Supplementation of these two components may be necessary in individuals who do not achieve recommended intake from dietary sources.
Regular exercise, especially resistance and high-impact activities, contributes to development of high peak bone mass and may reduce the risk of falls in older individuals. Assessment of bone mass, identification of fracture risk, and determination of who should be treated are the optimal goals when evaluating patients for osteoporosis.
- Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy: 2000 Mar 27-29;17(1):1-45.